Here is where you write your answers to the questions about the Black Death. The questions are:

  1. How and when did the Black Death arrive in Norway?
2. What were the symptoms of the Black Death and how did they spread?
3. Why was the Black Death so catastrophic for Norway?

John Christian

The Black Death, also referred to as The Black Plague arrived in Bergen, Norway in 1349. The Black Death is believed to have originated in Central Asia, and was carried by Europe by ship, and had a profound effect not only on Norwegian, but also European history. Though rats were thought to play a significant role in the spreading of the plague, they were only part of the initial phase, and the main contributor to the rapid spreading of the Black Plague was flea. From the large coastal city of Bergen, the plague spread throughout the country, and an estimated 40% to 50% of Norway's population was wiped out.
There were three types of plague; the bubonic plague, the pneumonic plague, and the septicemic plague, the last one being the least common. The bubonic plague was the most seen during the Black Death, and the symptoms were high fever, headaches, aching joints, and vomiting. The bubonic plague created buboes in the armpits and groin, but only had a mortality rate of only thirty to seventy five percent. The second most common form of the Black Death was pneumonic plague, and had a mortality rate of about ninety five percent. The symptoms were high fever, painful coughing and bloody sputum, and attacked the lungs. The least common, but also the most deadly of the three forms, with a mortality rate of 100% was the septicemic plague, and it's symptoms were purple patches on the body, as well as a high fever. Most victims of one of these three forms of plague died within four to seven days later.
The Black Death had a devastating effect on Norway, not only due to poverty, but also the increased population density in the major cities. The educated consisted of priests and doctors, and as they were the ones who attended the contaminated, they were the ones who were killed first. At the time, only a small percentage of the Norwegian population could read or write, and when the educated passed away during the plague, the country was in a state of hopelessness, which later led to Danish rule, a period known as the 400 year night, which affected Norway both litterally and as a country.



Black Death

How and when did Black Death arrive in Norway?
The Black Death came to Norway at 1349. A ship from England came to Bergen what was the capital and infected people in Bergen what spread around the country. It was the start of September. When the ship were sailing to Norway. Flee infected the human with the disease because they got no more rats to suck the blood from. When people came on board, they infected and the disease passed to others. 1/3 of Norway died.

What were the symptoms of the Black Death and how did they spread?
The basic symptoms of the Black Death are fever, headache, and pain in the back, arm, legs and then it gets even worse. It will be hard painful burning lumps on his neck, under his arms. Then they will get black and sort of opens what is more painful. Then it goes blood and pus out of the lump what is size of a orange. You basically spit blood, you got aches. You of course sweat and it is terrifying disease.
Black Death was very spreadful because people did not understand that Black Death could actually infect. They thought that it just came and some thought god sended that disease as punish, so that is the first reason that people did not understand that Black Death were infection what spreaded on other people. It spreaded in many ways. It were many dead bodies on the ground who were dead of the disease, people were watching after the infected person and they got contacted by their blood, spit etc. Also it was infection by air. The bacteria were in air. People shared food with them, touched them. So the main problem was that people were contacting with infected people.

Why was Black Death so catastrophic for Norway?
Norway was a country what started to get into civilized life after Vikings and it wasn’t so many people in Norway. The population was low and it wasn’t so many educated people. When the Black Death came, it killed 1/3 population of Norway. Most of the victims were doctors, priests etc. So basically educated people died and also writers who were working on real Norwegian culture, literature etc. died. That made Norway very weak in education. It was no doctors, priests and many people died. Then of this situation, Denmark took over the Norway and controlled them in 400 years. So main catastrophe was that education level got really low and people died.

The Black Death arrived in Norway in Bergen 1349. It came with a trading ship from Asia. This ship had rats on board which contained infected fleas in their fur.

There were two kinds of plagues. The Bubonic, and the Pneumonic. The second one is the most dangerous one, It affected your lungs and started caughing a lot of blood. You got fever and sweating.
It is 100% sure that you would die if you got this one. The Bubonic plague, you got huge apple sized, black buboes under you arms, neck and between the legs.
It were mainly the flea who spread the disease. But also humans could give it further to other humans, either by caughing or touching them.

The black death was so catastrophic for Norway because it kind of made Norway weak. It killed at least half of the population. So if Norway had been attacked, it wouldn't have been able to defend itself. And it was disgusting.

George Hitchman & Axel Kvistad
The Black Death

1. How and when did the Black Death arrive in Norway?

The Black Death arrived in Norway through a semi-long process: it started with the virus spreading around in Mongolia. It started in Mongolia from diseased fleas which lived on rats. The rats became diseased and eventually died, the fleas became more blood-thirsty and moved to humans. (That's not to say that you could not get the plague from being bitten by a rat because this happened quite often). From there it spread throughout Asia. Many countries had trade routes with countries in Asia, and the virus spread through fleas on rats that were on the ships. When the ships arrived at their destination, the rats climbed off and so the virus spread.

2. What were the symptoms of the Black Death and how did they spread?

There were two different types of plague: The Bubonic plague and The Pneumonic plague.
The symptoms for Bubonic plague are: boils (lumps on the skin, usually where the sweat glands are located), vomiting blood, heavy breathing, aching, coughing and horrible pains.
The symptoms for Pneumonic plague are: Fever, chills, headache, cough, fast breathing, difficulty breathing, blood in sputum, bright red sputum, foamy red sputum, rapid shock and death. In most cases, both ended in death, but some people survived the Bubonic plague.

3. Why was the Black Death so catastrophic for Norway?

The Black Death was so catastrophic to Norway because really many people, and a lot of doctors died trying to heal people, also a lot of educated people died which meant Norway couldn't run itself, so it gave itself over to Denmark.

“The Black Death” by Patrick Mitchell Utne

1. The Black Death arrived in Bergen in the summer of 1349, with a ship from England which had a cargo full of grain as well as infected black rats and fleas that spread the disease. It spread up and down the coast and then inland and many people died – probably about 40-50% of the population. This is a lot higher than in England, where mortality rates were about 33%.

2. The main symptoms of Black Death are: (a) large lumps (also called buboes), especially in the neck, thighs, groin and armpits, with pus and blood coming out; (b) fever, nausea and vomiting, headaches, sore joints; (c) fever with coughing (often with blood) and blood stained spit.

The Black Death spread for various reasons. In cities it spread because they were overcrowded and had very poor sanitation: there was animal and human waste in the streets, and humans close to animals. Often people reused things, i.e. when the person died they would take his or her clothes, bed sheets and even mattresses, which had rat fleas in them. They would sleep in the same bed as the diseased person. Also, it spread from place to place because: 1. people would go from place to place for various reasons (to trade, or after being in the city to get things, or to escape the plague). 2. People would get corn and grain from infected sources, and often there had been infected rats in the corn. 3. Because many people lived in remote places, they had to rely on towns and cities for supplies and trade, and that meant they had to mix with other people, especially when they ran out of supplies.

3. The Black Death was catastrophic in Norway for various reasons. First of all, it killed about a half of Norway’s population. Second it made trade very difficult, because both Norway and other countries saw that the plague was connected with ships that came from abroad: when they stopped these, this had a bad effect on the economy. With so many people dying, agriculture and other kinds of production were badly affected too, because there was not enough people to do the work. Third and last it killed off many of the nuns, priests and monks, who took care of the sick and dying. Since the priests were the ones who did much of the writing, therefore there is very little written Norwegian material from the time.

But you may not know that after the Black Death Norway had a lot of land to spare, so the remaining half or third or the population had lots and lots of land to farm on!
“The Black Death in Norway”. Abstract from Tidsskrift Norske Lægeforeningen pubmed/2197762
“History of the Black Death” wrldhis/PlainTextHistories. asp?historyid=ab94#2127
“Black Death” Black_Death

1) The Black Death arrived in Norway in 1349. It arrived with a English ship.
2) The two symptoms of the Black Death were the Pneumonic and the Bubonic plague. The Pneumonic has the most dangerous one. It gave you fever, aches and made you cough blood etc. The Bubonic gave you Buboes. Buboes were boils that was on the size of a apple. You almost got the same symptoms as the Pneumonic plague.
It first started spreading when the fleas from the dead rat bodies (from the English ship) jumped on the humans. The humans got sick, and went to bed, the families wouldn't know that they could catch the disease, so they would be around the sick person and the fleas would jump on them and so on. Some people used the clothes that the people had used before dieing from the disease.
3) The Black Death was so catastrophic for Norway because about 50% of the population died. But at the same time it was good for the people who survived the disease because there was many big and open spaces were they started a farm.

How and when did the Black Death arrive in Norway?
-The Black Death arrived to Norway in 1349 in Bjørgvin (Bergen). It arrived with ships from
England, although it began in Asia. There were many rats on those ships, and the rats had fleas with the plague which spread. When the rats died the fleas needed other hosts and picked the humans and gave them the Black Death, and the humans spread it to each other as well.

What were the symptoms of the Black Death and how did it spread?There were two types of Black Death, Bubonic and Pneumonic.
The symptoms of the Bubonic plague included Buboes (boils filled with pus and the size of, apples)moslty under the armpits, the throat and between legs (the buboes grew on the glands, putting the glands out of function), fever, coughing blood, aches and pains and in the end most people would die

The pneumonic plague was far more deadly than the bubonic plague, as there was no way to recover from it and most people would die from it after two to three days. The symptoms of the pneumonic plague was coughing blood, aches and pains, fever, horrible black bruises and in the end all people would die.

Why was the Black Death so catastrophic for Norway?
The Black Death was very catastrophic for Norway because it killed 50% of the population.
This made Norway very weak, and therefore they became a part of Denmark, so they wouldn't be crushed if there was a war. If Norway was to stay by themselves, they would be very weak and have too little people to be able to defend themselves.
This also caused Norway to incorporate other languages into their own, as Norway also had a union with SwedenNorway was very relient on other countries to re-build itself, and there would be a long time until Norway would be independent again.

Maren: The Black Death

1) In 1349 an abandoned ship called Bjørgvin drifted into the ship port of Bergen. People were puzzled why the boat was deserted, but upon investigation they found only the lifeless bodies of crew, and barmy rats. The people ignored the rats, but in doing so, they sealed their faith, and chaos broke out.
2) There were two types of black death, bubonic and phneumonic:
The bubonic plague, was although deadly, not the deadliest. The bubonic plague caused huge painful buboes to appear filled with puss. The bubonic plague attacked the lymphs which are located in the neck, armpit, and groin. Other symptoms includes having internal bleeding causing huge black marks to appear on the body, vomiting of blood, problems breathing, sore limbs, and terrible pain caused by the skin decomposing even though the person is alive.
The phneumonic plague is quite similar to the bubonic plague except for the fact that this decease is located on the lungs. The symptoms are that you find yourself coughing blood. The phneumonic plague is also more dangerous in the sense that it can spread from person to person because of coughing.
The Black Death spread so quickly, efficiently, and unnoticed because of a tiny, barley visible creature, the fleas. The fleas carried the disease and spread it by biting other creatures. The fleas originally lived on rats, who then again travelled onto ships. The Black Death also caused fleas to get extremely bloodthirsty, so when the rats(or other host) died, they would immediately jump 3 meters up into the air and find a new victim. The black death could also spread from human to human by coughing.
3) The Black Death is considered a very dark chapter in Norwegian history, bu why? I believe it is because obviously so many thousands of people died, over half of Norway's population. Another thing is also that the Black Death left a huge hole in the recording of events. Most people who knew how to wirte (especially monks who when around to help anyone who was sick) died, and the few people who survived had other things on their mind, things that did not include writing about the Great Plague. Another blow the Black Death inflicted Norway was disorganisation. Many people had died including influential people like the king and landlords. Norway was without leaders, without money,and without most of it's population, in other words, an easy prey for other countries.

The Black Death


1. 1349 a ship arrived in Bergen. When norwegians unloaded the ship they couldn't find any sign of life. Only dead crew and rats. The hell broke loose. But that was not the only problem. The rats brought a small tiny,but deadly creatures. The fleas.When people touched the dead remains the fleas with disease spread all over the city. The hygiene was bad so the disease could spread out much faster and easily.

2. The major symptoms were fever, black spots around body because of the internal bleeding. Bubonic gave a grapefruit sized lumps. Very painful and unpleasant. Pneumonic pneumonic and the septicemic plague were probably seen less then the bubonic plague because the victims often died before they could reach other places. Death rate was 90-95%.

3. The reason why black death was so catastrophic for Norway because all the "educated" people were dead so the norwegian words couldn't be spread around the Norway. The language almost died out and that gave Denmark a good opportunity to take over the Norway without using any violence.

In 1349 a boat from England arrived at Bjørgvin (Bergen). Bjørgvin was the biggest city in Norway at the time, and traded a lot of fish and different products. The ship from England had rats on board, and the rats had fleas. The fleas were carriers of the disease "Black Death", therefore the men that ran the ship were dead (or at least dying). So they went from the rats to the men and then on to other men. The streets at the time were filled with dirt, waste and old food that people just tossed out their window. The rats loved to live here which made the Black Death a bigger problem.

The visible symptoms of the Black Death were black bulging boils the size of apples, usually in between people's legs, under their pits or on the sides of their necks. Many boils would grow beside each other, increasing the considerable pain and suffering. These boils hurt immensely, and deprived many people of moving their arms around much if there were boils in their pits. This type of plague was called, Bubonic Plague. If you got this type you had a slim chance of surviving. But there was a greater chance of surviving the bubonic Plague than there was for surviving the Pneumonic plague. Many people had to go through extreme coughing, and it was not unusual to cough blood. Chances of surviving this illness were rather slim, and people died after around four to five days.
The Black Death spread due to people at that time not knowing how sneezing or coughing would affect other people, so they still mingled with healthy people, who soon became sick.


The Black Death was so catastrophic for Norway because, unlike in other countries, it claimed the lives of half of its population, which was a considerable amount. No one had ever experienced such a pandemic before, and concrete cures were nowhere to be found. Monks, priests and influential people died, taking much of Norway's culture together with them, and literature came to a slight halt due to few people knowing how to write apart from priests and monks. People had a very bad hygiene and did not know how fast the Black Death spread. They lay in the same bed, were out in public with others and the rich ones had priests come home to them so they would get well. Therefore priests and the rest of the public easily got sick. But we have to remember that 50% of Norway wasn't the same as 50% of for example Spain's population. Norway was and still is a small country, so of course the Black Death was catastrophic!

1. How and when did the Black Death arrive in Norway?

The Black Death arrived in Bergen, Norway in 1949. At that time there were always rats at all the ships. They didn't really know what hygiene was and therefor did they not do anything about it. The rats carried most often an insect called fleas. The fleas used to suck blood out of the rats but this also caused death among the rats. After a little while when all the rats were dead the fleas became were desperate for more blood. Because of this they start to attack the humans. The humans got sick and had no cure that could save them. The sickness that occupied their lives were the Black Death. The humans could get the Black Death other ways as well; from other human beings or rats from the ships. This is how the Black Death came to Norway.

2. What were the symptoms of the Black Death and how did they spread?
The symptoms from the Black Death were fever, big lumps (bubones), caughing blood, pain, swetting ect. There were many ways the disease could spread at that time. The people didn't even know that if they caughted at each other, that the other person could get the bacterias from the person that caughted. This means mostly that the disease could spread among the people itself without any rats helping them (or fleas). As long as a rat or a person was carrying the Black Death the other persons (or rats) could eacily get the disease as well.

3. Why was the Black Death so catastrophic for Norway?
When all the 50% of the population died the ones that were left got frightened even though the disease kept spreading from person to person. No one really had a real cure that could stop the disease from spreading and because of their high belief of God, they prayed for not coming to hell instead of heaven. This is of course only a type of religion which means that they might believe that God could save them but also that is was only nonsenseas well.
What I think was the biggest problem would be that it just wouldn't stop spreading. And when is only were 1/2 of the population left in Norway, they got scared and were totally helpless. That is why the Black Death was so catastrophic for Norway.

Ada & Bruno
1. How and when did the Black Death arrive in Norway? Ada & Bruno
In 1349, the Black Death occured in Bergen, and fast enough spread throughout Norway. The disease started in Asia, Mongolia, with flees, The flees started biting rats and spread the disease into the blood of the rats which made the rats die within a few days. However rats are known to travel on boats, and with the rats, the flees came, when the rats died on the ships, the flees had to find new blood. They then started biting humans who went in land together with the boat and from there spread the disease through trading.

The Black Death came to Europe in the 13th century, the plague that came was known as bubonic plague which is easy to spot because the big buboes that leek puss and blood under the armpits, groin and neck. Some of the other symptoms was: coughing blood, fever and general illness, the most usual outcome was death tho there was a chance of surviving this sort of plague, because if you were very lucky and lived in a clean and bacteria free house the buboes could shrink and finally disperse leaving the victim just fine but exhausted. This off course was very rare since the very reason the disease spread was because the rats were attracted to the horrible smell.

2. What were the symptoms of the Black Death and how did they spread? Ada & Bruno
Symptoms of the black death were coughing of blood, headaches, fever, big lumps came after a day or two on the neck, under your arms and inside thighs, they turned black, split and began to bleed, they would grow to the size of an apple. The disease spread from person to person generally from lack of hygiene, with not much money, whole families slept in the same bed, they used each others clothes, and did not isolate when getting the disease, they went out, in church with healthy people to pray, people lay on the streets whilst getting cured by nuns or monks. Nuns and Monks did afterwards carry the disease from their patients without even knowing it, they met new people and passed the plague.

The Black Death originated from Mongolia and spread by fleas to China were the fleas on the rats got aboard the ships which set out to Europe. The black death came to Norway a little later then to the rest of Europe since one of the only trade routs to Norway was from England and Denmark. The ship that brought the Black Death to Norway arrived in port with a dead crew and dead rats. If it hadn't been for the greed of the dock workers the disease maybe could have been avoided, because it was the people who went on the ship that carried the fleas to land, in Bergen. The disease then spread through the trade roots to the rest of Norway. The disease also spread to the most remote villages to, because their harvest wasn't always to good so they had to go to one of the bigger city's to get their corn, of course the corn was full of disease bringing fleas, and while in the city the cart driver had probably bin infected to. A little while later half the population had died. This was of course very tragic but in the times after the Black Death the people prospered because of all the extra land they took from the people who had died of the plague. They morned the dead and rejoiced their new land so all was good.

3. Why was the Black Death so catastrophic for Norway? Ada
The Black Death was mainly very catastrophic for Norway because the amount of 50% of Norway's population died together with the fact that the disease spread very quickly in Norway when most people were very poor and had no money to live healthier or cleaner. Cutting down a country's population with 50% is a big amount, but Norway being quite a small country makes the effect even bigger. Although on the other hand, the ones who survived actually benefitted from the black death, having loads of more farmland, they actually might have been quite happy..

The Black Death unloaded from ships in Norway in 1349, Bergen. Why? Because rats like boats, and the rats who were filled with fleas that can jump as high/long as the Empire State building, spread the horrid disease onto us Norwegians. Symptoms of The Plague were the good old boils, fever, horrible coughs (sometimes with blood), and the all ever good sweating. It spread extremely quick because of the way things were. The people thought the smell, which were one of many, was the theory to go by when finding out what caused this. They had no idea what this was all about. The sick used the same clothes, same beds, same houses. The doctors would wildly come up with solutions, and they would slice off the boils, and use the same unclean knife on someone else. Sure is a good reason why it spread so fast. Finally, the Plague was so catastrophic for Norway because, obviously, lots of people were killed. This again, especially when 50% were the statistics, gives an obvious clue of disaster. Probably gave most misery to the families, and perhaps some of the economy in Norway. Of course much more, but some people benefited... The farms were decreased in use, which meant people would get more land. For those who survived that is. Go go Black Death. (Leo)


The Black Death The black death arrived Norway in Bjørgvin (now known as Bergen) in 1349. The pest was transported to Norway from England through a trading ship which had rats om board with the pest. When the best first came to Norway it spread fast and it's estimated that around 40-66% of the population died during the pest. The black death had different kinds of symptoms, but it all came from the one and same bacterium called Yersinia pestis.The Bubonic plague was the most common of the forms of black death. The early signs were headaches, aching joints, fever and vomiting. After this bumps started to appeared on your body which looked black. These started cutting up and the victim started losing blood. The mortality rate was between 30 and 75%The second most common one is the Pneumonic plague which infected your lungs causing you to spit slimy suptum* tinted with blood and as the decease progressed the suptum* became free flowing and bright red because of blood. the mortality rate was between 90 and 95%* Suptum is silvia mixed with mucus(mucin, water, cells, and inorganic salts) The most rare and most deadly kind was the septicemic plague which had a mortality rate of almost 100% this had symptoms of high fever and DIC (disseminated intramuscular coagulation) which caused your skin to become purple. You often died the same day as this symptom appeared. The black death was catastrophic for Norway since about 50% of the population died taking many important people in the Norwegian society like monks and priests. This effected Norway badly since most of the monks and priests were the only ones who knew how to read and write which in some way pulled Norway back in time. Also the black death harmed a already weak country, Norway was in this time very poor and many people could hardly take care of their families so when the pest came people really got in trouble already being weak they easier got the pest and died from it. This also tells the only positive thing about the black death, after the pest the remaining people had much more space to live in and actually lived a better life.


  1. How and when did the Black Death arrive in Norway? - The Black Death came to Norway to Bergen in 1349 on a ship from England with the infected rats. From there it spread to the citizens of Bergen and then quickly throughout the whole country. The Black Death that came from England originally came from Mongolia and first affected fleas, who bit the rats and infected them, and finally the rats (and also the fleas) infected the humans.

2. What were the symptoms of the Black Death and how did they spread?- There were 2 types of the plague, one called "Bubonic" and another called "Pneumonic". Bubonic plagues caused big black pus-filled lumps, called buboes, to appear all over the body often where your glands were (under you arms, between your legs etc...). These caused tremendous pain for the patient, along with the other effects of the plague which were fever, vomiting, headaches, stomachaches and more. However, once the buboes disappeared you had a good chance of survival (but it was still very likely for you to die before it went away, and it doesn't go away easily). The other type, the Pneumonic plague, had a higher mortality rate and it was almost certain that you would die if you got it. It infected your lungs and you coughed up blood and other liquids from inside your body, and you got the other symptoms such as fever, aches... as well. The disease spread like wildfire because the people, even the doctors, did not have proper medical knowledge like we do today. Beds and equipment used for treating patients were used and touche without being cleaned, there was a lack of hygene, and very often healthy people and sick people stayed in the same room. Monks and priests, who would visit the dead and dying, didn't know how to protect themselves from the disease so they also got infected, and infected many people on the way as they visited numerous people. Many believed the Black Death was caused by god, not because of germs or viruses.

3. Why was the Black Death so catastrophic for Norway? - In Norway, about 50% to 2/3rds of the population died from the Black Death, when the rest of Europe had 1/3rd of their population killed by it. Very many of the people who died were monks, priests and nuns, who were one of the few in the country who were educated and could read and write. This meant that there was a substantial lack of educated, literate people after the plague was over, which caused problems later on, eventually leading to the loss of the Norwegian "skriftspraak". It was also very catastrophic because Norway was not in a good place economically before the BD, but that got even worse afterwards. However, there was one good thing that came from all this: this meant that there was now more land per person than before (because many landowners died). so that the survivors could get more land that they had and live better than they used to. This created many big farms.

1. The Black Death arrived in Norway in the early autumn months of 1349. The illness first arrived with a ship which came from England and which lay port in Bergen. The rats were hiding in the grain cargo of the ship, where they could survive on the grain until it docked in the port. From there the illness spread along the coast and stayed in Norway for approximately six months.
2. The first symptom of the disease was a headache, which was then followed by chills and fever. Some other possible symptoms were nausea, vomiting, back pain and soreness in arms and legs, but these were not always present.
Sometimes eyes became more sensitive to the light, and after only a day or two the swellings appeared. These hard, painful, burning lumps appeared on the neck, under the arms and on the inner thighs, and soon after they would turn black, split open and begin to ooze pus and blood. In some cases they grew to the size of oranges/apples.
Recovery was never a certainty. In fact, there was a bigger chance of dying than surviving. However, death took many days to arrive – because after the lumps came the internal bleeding.
Blood would be in the urine, and often ‘blood puddles’ – blotches of blood – would appear under the skin. This resulted in black boils as well as spots appearing all over the body.
Everything which came out of the body smelled disgusting, and there was a huge amount of pain involved before death finally came – and all of this would happen barely a week after the first symptoms appeared.
The symptoms of the Black Death varied depending on which type the disease-ridden person had. For example, the bubonic plague (the one which spread during the Black Death) was spread from person to person through sneezing, coughing, and any contact with the infected person’s body fluids.
3. The Black Death was extremely catastrophic for Norway because at least half of the population died, and a shocking 33% (one-third) of the population in Europe died. On a world-wide basis it has been approximated that about 75 million people died due to the Black Death.